List of Important Arabic Dictionaries for Qur’an and Hadith Studies

Previously I had compiled a list of some of the most famous and well-known Qurʼānic Exegeses that have been written throughout history. This time I have tried to compile a list of some of the famous Arabic dictionaries that are beneficial for a student of Qur’ān and Aḥādīth. These have been collected and taken from a book titled Darsnāmehʼī Fahmʼī Hadīth by ʿAbd al-Hādī Masʿūdī.

Arabic Dictionaries

NameAuthorBirth DateSizeNotes
Kitāb al-JīmIsḥāq b. Mirār al-Shaybānī213 AH
The author has looked into more than 80 tribes and seen how they have used different words.
Al-Munjid fī al-LughahʿAli b. Ḥasan al-Hināʼī230 AH
Jumhurah al-LughahMuḥammad b. Ḥasan b. Darīd321 AH
The author has not brought in vocabulary that was rarely used - but has a lot of Qurʼānic and Aḥādīth examples. He also points towards words that had entered Arabic from other languages.
Dīwān al-AdabIsḥāq b. Ibrāhīm al-Fārābī350 AH
Tahdhīb al-LughahMuḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Azharī282 AH
The author stayed with Arab bedouins and heard how they were using vocabulary.
Al-Muḥīṭ fī al-LughahIsmāʿīl b. ʿAbbād al-Ṭāliqānī326 AH
The author was a close associate of Ibn ʿUmayd - a Buyid intellectual - and this book is one of the first to be ordered in alphabetical order. It does not make use of poetry too much.
Al-Ṣiḥāḥ fī al-LughahIsmāʿīl b. Ḥammād al-Jawharī393 AH
The author only added words which he considered to be correct and therefore many words are not found in his work (because he considered them incorrect).
Maqāyīs al-LughahAḥmad b. Fāris b. Zakariyyā395 AH
The author has explained the different meanings and usage of words.
Kitāb al-AfʿālSaʿīd b. Muḥammad al-MaʿāfarīAfter 400 AH
The author has discussed rare words and their meanings as well.
Al-MukhaṣṣaṣʿAli b. Ismāʿīl398 AH
This book can be considered a collection of all the previous books of Arabic vocabulary by the end of the 4th century Hijri.
Asās al-BalāghahMaḥmūd b. ʿUmar al-Zamakhsharī467 AH
Zamakhsharī had ijtihād in linguistics and had heard the words from people of Najd and other places of current day Saudi Arabia, and has used more than 5000 poems to explain the meanings of different words. He has also explained the literal and metaphorical meaning of relevant words as used by the Arabs.
Lisān al-ʿArabMuḥammad b. Mukarram al-Anṣārī630 AH
Al-Miṣbāḥ al-MunīrAḥmad b. Muḥammad b. ʿAli al-Fayyūmī770 AH
This book discusses various meanings of synonyms and antonyms and as well as the various meanings of the Abwāb of Thulāthī Mazīd.
Al-Qāmūs al-MuḥīṭMuḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-Fayrūzʼābādī729 AH
KulliyyātAyyūb b. Mūsā al-Ḥusaynī1028 AH
This book is good for understanding the meaning of philosophical and jurisprudential vocabulary.
Tāj al-ʿUrūsSayyid Muḥammad Murtaḍā al-Zubaydī1145 AH
One of the most comprehensive books, and the author brings a lot of poetry to help understand the usage of words.

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